Types of Body Armor
Body armor has long been considered a necessary element of law enforcement. In fact, the wearing of body armor has been required of all police officers since the inception of the department of police. This is not to say that this gear was always available, but now the requirement is such that it is almost considered mandatory. In most areas, body armor can only be worn while on duty and any time off the job must be approved by a supervisor before being returned to active duty. Even then, the wear and tear on the equipment may have occurred already.
Body armor has become the standard of police gear
with each town ordering new bulletproof vests and other protective gear for their officers. It is an expensive item to buy, but it is also an important investment in officer and public safety. Body armor protects against firearms fire and those near it. It is an effective way to reduce injuries from accidents involving small arms fires or falling debris. A bulletproof vest provides bulletproof protection against handguns, shotguns, and similar types of injury in addition to police officers and citizens.
It is important to note that the vest’s layers
are not all equally important. There are the bulletproof vest, the ballistic vest, and the liner. The vest’s purpose is to provide protection and the liners add the soft-tissue protection that the body needs. Together these two protect the user from injury by pellets and other projectiles fired from firearms.
Ballistic material is the lining used to close gaps
in bulletproof vests to allow for the expansion of energy while the bullet is fired. A bullet will expand as it leaves the gun and if the vest is not designed to accommodate this expanding energy, the bullet will hit the lining and will cause internal damage, or possibly even death. Soft-tissue reinforcement in the vest ensures that the shot hits the hard part, which disperses the energy and keeps it from coming into contact with the soft portions of the vest. This soft material also adds to the comfortability of a vest as it fits properly.
A bulletproof vest needs to fit properly to prevent injury
A vest that does not fit properly will have gaps between the panels, which increases the chance of hitting vital organs such as the heart or lungs. In addition, a poorly fitting vest will leave gaps or will fail to close in a way that allows the bullet to dissipate in the air. Finally, proper fit is necessary to provide the highest level of protection at all times.
Bulletproof vests and other types of protective clothing
are often referred to as soft armor. This is because of the material they are made of; this type of armor is not as thick as hard armor, but it still adds adequate soft tissue protection to human beings. A person who is hit by multiple rounds from a large caliber gun will typically be covered with soft tissue for a period of time, which is usually one to two hours. The amount of protection provided depends upon the size, construction, density, and elasticity of the soft materials used to construct the vest.